Business A Level Book

550.00

Book Code : 134
Number of Pages : 236
Author : Kashif Aziz
Language : English
Publishers : Read and Write Publications

 

Categories: ,

Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS A Level Business Books
UNIT-1 BUSINESS AND ITS ENVIRONMENT …………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
1.1 ENTERPRISE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
1.2 BUSINESS STRUCTURE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
1.2.1 Local, national and multinational business…………………………………………………………………………………. 10
1.2.2 Multinationals ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11
1.2.3 Privatisation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
1.3 SIZE OF BUSINESS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
1.3.1 External Growth ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
1.4 BUSINESS OBJECTIVES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
1.5 STAKEHOLDERS IN A BUSINESS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
1.6 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON BUSINESS ACTIVITY ……………………………………………………………………………………. 27
1.6.1 Political and Legal …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27
1.6.2 Economic Constraints and Enablers …………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
1.6.3 Social …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
1.6.4 Technological (Including the Internet) ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
1.6.5 Other Businesses …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
1.6.6 Demographic …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
1.6.7 Environmental ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
UNIT-2 PEOPLE IN ORGANISATIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
2.1 MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
2.2 MOTIVATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 58
2.3 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (HRM) ………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
2.3.1 Approaches to HRM ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
2.3.3 Cooperation between Management & Workforce ………………………………………………………………………. 79
2.3.4 Workforce Planning ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
2.3.5 Role of Trade Unions in HRM ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 83
2.4 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
2.4.1 Relationship Between Business Objectives, People and Organisational Structure …………………………… 89
2.4.2 Types of Structure: Functional, Hierachical (Flat and Narrow), Matrix ………………………………………….. 90
2.4.3 Formal and Informal Organisations …………………………………………………………………………………………… 95
2.4.4 Delegation and Accountability ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 99
2.4.6 Centralisation ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 100
2.4.7 Line and Staff ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 101
2.5 BUSINESS COMMUNICATION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 103
2.5.1 Purposes of Communication …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 103
2.5.2 Methods of Communication …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 106
2.5.3 Channels of Communication …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 109
2.5.4 Barriers to Communication …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 111
2.5.5 The Role of Management in Facilitating Communication …………………………………………………………… 112
Unit-1 Business and Its Environment
UNIT-3 MARKETING (A LEVEL) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 114
3.1 WHAT IS MARKETING? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 114
3.2 MARKET RESEARCH ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 116
3.3 THE MARKETING MIX ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 120
3.4 MARKETING PLANNING ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123
3.4.1 Market Planning …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 123
3.4.2 Elasticity ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 126
3.4.3 Product Development ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 129
3.4.4 Forecasting ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 130
3.5 GLOBALISATION AND INTERNATIONAL MARKETING ………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
3.5.1 Globalisation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 136
UNIT-4 OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 140
4.1 THE NATURE OF OPERATIONS …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 140
4.2 OPERATIONS PLANNING ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 147
4.2.1 Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) …………………………………………………………………………………………. 147
4.3 INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149
4.4 CAPACITY UTILISATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155
4.4.3 Outsourcing………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 156
4.5 LEAN PRODUCTION AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT………………………………………………………………………………. 158
4.5.1 Lean production: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 158
4.6 PROJECT MANAGEMENT …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 164
UNIT-5 FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING (A LEVEL) ………………………………………………………………………………….. 170
5.1 THE NEED FOR BUSINESS FINANCE ………………………………………………………………………………………. 170
5.2 SOURCES OF FINANCE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 172
5.3 COSTS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 176
5.3.1 Approaches to costing: full, contribution ………………………………………………………………………………….. 176
5.4 ACCOUNTING FUNDAMENTALS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 181
5.7 CONTENTS OF PUBLISHED ACCOUNTS …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 181
5.5 FORECASTING AND MANAGING CASH FLOWS …………………………………………………………………………………… 186
5.6 BUDGETS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 190
5.7.3 Inventory Valuation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 193
5.7.4 Depreciation…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 194
5.8 ANALYSIS OF PUBLISHED ACCOUNTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 196
5.9 INVESTMENT APPRAISAL …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 199
UNIT-6 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT (A LEVEL) ……………………………………………………………………………………. 204
6.1 WHAT IS STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT? …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 204
6.2.1 SWOT Analysis ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 208
6.2.2 PEST or External Environment Analysis …………………………………………………………………………………….. 210
6.2.3 Business Vision/Mission Statement and Objectives ……………………………………………………………………. 212
6.2.4 Boston Matrix ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 213
6.2.5 Porter’s Five Forces ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 217
6.2.6 Core Competencies ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 218
6.2.6 Core Competencies and Strategy …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 219
6.3 STRATEGIC CHOICE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 220
6.3.1 The Ansoff Matrix …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 220
6.3.2 Force Field Analysis ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 222
6.3.3 Decision Trees ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 224
6.4 STRATEGIC IMPLEMENTATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227
6.4.1 Business Plan ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227
6.4.2 Corporate Culture and Strategic Implementation ……………………………………………………………………… 230
6.4.3 Developing a Change Culture ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 232
6.4.4 Managing and Controlling Strategic Change …………………………………………………………………………….. 233
6.4.5 Contingency Planning and Crisis Management …………………………………………………………………………. 233

A Level Business Books , A Level Business Books

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Business A Level Book”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *